콘텐츠로 이동

Controllers

Controllers are a great way to organize your code. They are collections of methods that accept a request and return a response.

A good place to put your controllers is in the Controllers folder.

Overview

Let's take a look at an example controller.

import Vapor

struct TodosController: RouteCollection {
    func boot(routes: RoutesBuilder) throws {
        let todos = routes.grouped("todos")
        todos.get(use: index)
        todos.post(use: create)

        todos.group(":id") { todo in
            todo.get(use: show)
            todo.put(use: update)
            todo.delete(use: delete)
        }
    }

    func index(req: Request) async throws -> [Todo] {
        try await Todo.query(on: req.db).all()
    }

    func create(req: Request) async throws -> Todo {
        let todo = try req.content.decode(Todo.self)
        try await todo.save(on: req.db)
        return todo
    }

    func show(req: Request) async throws -> Todo {
        guard let todo = try await Todo.find(req.parameters.get("id"), on: req.db) else {
            throw Abort(.notFound)
        }
        return todo
    }

    func update(req: Request) async throws -> Todo {
        guard let todo = try await Todo.find(req.parameters.get("id"), on: req.db) else {
            throw Abort(.notFound)
        }
        let updatedTodo = try req.content.decode(Todo.self)
        todo.title = updatedTodo.title
        try await todo.save(on: req.db)
        return todo
    }

    func delete(req: Request) async throws -> HTTPStatus {
        guard let todo = try await Todo.find(req.parameters.get("id"), on: req.db) {
            throw Abort(.notFound)
        }
        try await todo.delete(on: req.db)
        return .ok
    }
}

Controller methods should always accept a Request and return something ResponseEncodable. This method can be asynchronous or synchronous.

Finally you need to register the controller in routes.swift:

try app.register(collection: TodosController())