Deploying to DigitalOcean¶
Let's start by installing Swift on a Linux server. Use the create menu to create a new Droplet.
Under distributions, select Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. The following guide will use this version as an example.
You may select any Linux distribution with a version that Swift supports. At the time of writing, Swift 5.2.4 supports Ubuntu 16.04, 18.04, 20.04, CentOS 8, and Amazon Linux 2. You can check which operating systems are officially supported on the Swift Releases page.
After selecting the distribution, choose any plan and datacenter region you prefer. Then setup an SSH key to access the server after it is created. Finally, click create Droplet and wait for the new server to spin up.
Once the new server is ready, hover over the Droplet's IP address and click copy.
Open your terminal and connect to the server as root using SSH.
DigitalOcean has an in-depth guide for initial server setup on Ubuntu 18.04. This guide will quickly cover the basics.
Allow OpenSSH through the firewall and enable it.
ufw allow OpenSSH ufw enable
Create a new user besides
root. This guide calls the new user
Allow the newly created user to use
usermod -aG sudo vapor
Copy the root user's authorized SSH keys to the newly created user. This will allow you to SSH in as the new user.
rsync --archive --chown=vapor:vapor ~/.ssh /home/vapor
Finally, exit the current SSH session and login as the newly created user.
exit ssh vapor@your_server_ip
Now that you've created a new Ubuntu server and logged in as a non-root user you can install Swift.
Install Swift's required dependencies.
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install clang libicu-dev libatomic1 build-essential pkg-config
This guide will install Swift 5.2.4. Visit the Swift Releases page for a link to latest release. Copy the download link for Ubuntu 18.04.
Download and decompress the Swift toolchain.
wget https://swift.org/builds/swift-5.2.4-release/ubuntu1804/swift-5.2.4-RELEASE/swift-5.2.4-RELEASE-ubuntu18.04.tar.gz tar xzf swift-5.2.4-RELEASE-ubuntu18.04.tar.gz
Swift's Using Downloads guide includes information on how to verify downloads using PGP signatures.
Move Swift somewhere easy to acess. This guide will use
/swift with each compiler version in a subfolder.
sudo mkdir /swift sudo mv swift-5.2.4-RELEASE-ubuntu18.04 /swift/5.2.4
Add Swift to
/usr/bin so it can be executed by
sudo ln -s /swift/5.2.4/usr/bin/swift /usr/bin/swift
Verify that Swift was installed correctly.
Now that Swift is installed, let's clone and compile your project. For this example, we'll be using Vapor's API template.
First let's install Vapor's system dependencies.
sudo apt-get install openssl libssl-dev zlib1g-dev libsqlite3-dev
Allow HTTP through the firewall.
sudo ufw allow http
Clone & Build¶
Now clone the project and build it.
git clone https://github.com/vapor/api-template.git cd api-template swift build --enable-test-discovery
If you are building this project for production, use
swift build -c release --enable-test-discovery
Once the project has finished compiling, run it on your server's IP at port 80. The IP address is
22.214.171.124 in this example.
sudo .build/debug/Run serve -b 126.96.36.199:80
If you used
swift build -c release --enable-test-discovery, then you need to run:
sudo .build/release/Run serve -b 188.8.131.52:80
Visit your server's IP via browser or local terminal and you should see "It works!".
$ curl http://184.108.40.206 It works!
Back on your server, you should see logs for the test request.
[ NOTICE ] Server starting on http://220.127.116.11:80 [ INFO ] GET /
CTRL+C to quit the server. It may take a second to shutdown.
Congratulations on getting your Vapor app running on a DigitalOcean Droplet!
The rest of this guide points to additional resources to improve your deployment.
Supervisor is a process control system that can run and monitor your Vapor executable. With supervisor setup, your app can automatically start when the server boots and be restarted in case it crashes. Learn more about Supervisor.
Nginx is an extremely fast, battle tested, and easy-to-configure HTTP server and proxy. While Vapor supports directly serving HTTP requests, proxying behind Nginx can provide increased performance, security, and ease-of-use. Learn more about Nginx.